Telomeres are components found on the chromosome and are made up of the same DNA sequences that are repeated many times. The sequences through which it is repeated can range between 3000 and 15000 times. TTAGGG is the sequence of telomere in human beings. Read this article to get more information about Telomeres.
In living things, telomeres play various roles. First, they allow for the replication of the chromosomes during the cell division. Telomere will ensure that the DNA is not damaged during the replication. This is because telomere is located at the end of the chromosomes that are replacing. It is vital to note that the DNA of a cell will be lost wherever there is division.
Telomeres also play a vital role in the organization of the chromosomes. The organization happens in the nucleus of the cell. Another function of these components is that it projects chromosomes. This happens by forming a cap at the end. It is vital to note that if you did not have telomere, the chromosome in the cells is likely to stick to each other.
It is vital to note that as we age, tens of bases are lost at the end of telomere that is on every chromosome. It is essential to note that the telomere is going to shorten after the division of the cell. Some of the causes of the shortening ate the end replication problem and oxidative stress. There is a point that will reach when there cannot be further replication as telomere is very short. At this process, the cell will die.
A lot of research is currently being done about telomere. The study aims to understand the process of aging. It has been proven that once telomerase is stopped, the length of telomere will not shorten. With a proper understanding of telomerase, it is possible to understand how human beings can live for a long time. Visit: https://umbrella-scientific.us/telomere-telomerase-analysis-technology/ to learn more about Telomers.
Studies have shown that there is a relationship between the nature of the telomere and some diseases. Some analytic methods have been developed to check the status and population of telomere in your cells. If you measure a high population of the telomere, you should consider High Throughput Quantitative Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (HTQ-FISH). Another effective method used in the study of telomere is Telomere Analysis Technology (TAT). TAT is a robust and reliable measurement technique that is used for the characterization of the profile of telomere. The technique used advanced imaging and software for clinical studies and epidemiological studies. For more information, click here: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/biology-and-genetics/genetics-and-genetic-engineering/telomere.